Mississauga Vestibular Physiotherapy: Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT) has been proven to be effective with improving the symptoms related to many vestibular disorders. Vestibular disorders caused by disease or injury damage the areas of the vestibular system. These disorders may lead to dysfunction of sensory information that controls balance as well as eye movements. Individuals with vestibular disorders may experience problems with vertigo, dizziness, visual disturbance and imbalance. Vestibular disorders can also raise secondary disorders that include nausea, vomiting, fatigue and/or the lack of focus. VRT works to address these problems and provides an effective solution to ease these symptoms.
What is Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT):
VRT is a specialized form of therapy that intends to relieve pain caused by primary and secondary vestibular disorders. This program is based around exercise and developed to reduce its adverse symptoms. Vestibular disorders can often be permanent; however the symptoms can reduce over time as the brain learns to compensate with other senses (vision and somatosensory ex. body sense). Compensation is maximized when the different parts of the nervous system are healthy such as the brainstem, cerebellum, visual, and somatosensory sensations.
The goal of VRT is to use a problem-focused approach that aims to promote and maximize compensation. Before developing an individualized treatment plan a comprehensive clinical examination is needed to identify the issues related to the vestibular disorder. This examination observes and evaluates the patient’s symptoms and how these symptoms affect their daily activities. Once the examination is done, customized exercises are developed that address each patients individual concern. Three principal methods of exercise are prescribed which include Habituation, Gaze Stabilization and/or Balance Training. These exercises are developed for the brain to detect and process vestibular input whilst coordinating it with information received from vision and proprioception. With regularly performing these exercises patients are bound to see improvement as they are on the road to recovery.
Habituation exercises are effective in treating dizziness that is caused by self-motion or visual stimuli. Gaze stabilization exercises help manage and improve eye movements so the vision remains clear during head movements. Balance training exercises develop balance and steadiness to allow individuals to complete daily activities with ease.